Honorable Janice Lachance

An accomplished executive, widely experienced leader, and governance expert, Janice Lachance helps both expanding and stressed nonprofit enterprise leaders and boards with transformation and transitions, performance assessment, mission and strategy reformulation, organization re-engineering, new ventures, and executive transitions. With a collaborative style, Janice’s central focus is on how to protect and build value for stakeholders by applying best practices in the fields of  strategic thinking, technology advances, social media, marketing, media relations, public policy, human resources, financial planning, fundraising, and team building.

Janice’s career spans high-level work in the government, associations and executive volunteer activities. Prior to her recent work in not-for-profit enterprises, Janice was nominated by President William Clinton and unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate as the Director of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM), the federal government’s independent human resources agency, responsible for all policy and programs affecting the 2.1 million members of the nation’s civil service.

President Clinton charged Janice with the task of establishing and gaining recognition of the federal workforce as a national performance model. She is credited with many seminal achievements at OPM, including: reformulating the agency’s mission and strategy as well as re-engineering its 3,700 employee organizational structure and culture; expanding the Family and Medical Leave Act to permit the use of sick leave to care for a newborn or ailing family member; instituting affordable long-term care insurance for 20 million federal employees, members of the armed services, and retirees; making innovative and cost-effective improvements in health insurance and retirement programs; dramatically increasing outreach and recruitment efforts to first-job applicants from underrepresented populations; revitalizing the Presidential Management Fellows Program; and, establishing, the Federal Government's official source for federal job listings and employment opportunity information and which attracts more than 20 million visits annually.

During the past decade, Janice has served as the managing executive in not-for-profit membership associations. Most recent examples include Interim President of the Better Business Bureau Institute for Marketplace Trust where she was responsible for innovative transformation of the BBB’s 501c3 foundation through the design and execution of comprehensive mission development, including communications, branding, staffing and fund development plans.   

Janice also served as CEO of the Special Libraries Association for more than 10 years, leading the global association of 8,000 credentialed librarians and scholars who devote more than 25 million hours annually to the operation and expansion of the global information and knowledge economies on behalf of private, academic and public sector enterprise in 75 countries. Among her many SLA accomplishments as chief executive, Janice guided the reformulation of association’s mission, vision and values statements and strategic plan; nurtured a positive culture of problem-solving, innovation and progression of volunteer members to leadership positions; implemented domestic and international public policy programs focused on intellectual property, the free flow of information, privacy, and internet governance.  She pioneered Click University, the first online learning and professional development member resource among library associations.  

While serving as global spokesperson and champion of the librarian profession and the association, the U.S. State Department appointed Janice to be a delegate to the World Summit on the Information Society, which led to the creation of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), the multi-national/multi-stakeholder platform for Internet policy discussions and governance.  Separately, the State Department appointed her as a Subject Matter Expert Speaker on the future of the information industry and librarians in the global knowledge economy and the Internet. Engagements included Germany, Egypt, Italy and Japan.

Although not a librarian, Janice was uniquely awarded SLA’s prestigious Member Achievement Award during SLA’s Centennial Conference to acknowledge her leadership on “moving the association to unprecedented success and international presence in the 21st century.” In recognition of sustained outstanding contributions to the association, the profession, and the information industry, Janice was awarded the CEO Emeritus title at the end of her SLA tenure.

A leader in her profession, dedicated volunteer, popular speaker, and trusted advisor, Janice is the President of the American Society for Public Administration; a Fellow of the American Society of Association Executives, an honor awarded to less than one percent of its membership; an elected Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration where she served on the Board of Directors and Executive Committee. At the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) in The Hague—the international body representing the interests of library and information services and their users worldwide, Janice was elected chairperson of the library association management section and served on IFLA’s governing board.

Among numerous awards, Janice was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters by Southern Vermont College in 2013 and Vice President Al Gore’s Reinventing Government Hammer Award for advances in government-wide labor-management partnerships. Janice was born and raised in Biddeford, Maine, graduated from Manhattanville College, and earned her law degree from Tulane University. She is admitted to practice law in the State of Maine, the District of Columbia, and the United States Supreme Court.


Jane Pisano
Senior Fellow
University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA

Jane Pisano, Ph.D., joined USC in 1991 as dean of the School of Public Administration. During her nearly seven-year tenure as dean, she led a major effort to strengthen the school academically at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. Annual gifts and grants more than doubled (from $1.7 to $3.6 million) and the endowment increased four-fold (from $7.5 to $31 million). In 1994, Dr. Pisano was appointed vice president of external relations at the university and was promoted to senior vice president in 1998. In this role, Dr. Pisano not only worked with the USC’s chief management team, but also was responsible for establishing and maintaining communal, public, governmental and alumni connections and relations. She and four other senior officers worked with and assisted the president of the university in essentially all significant decisions.

Pisano also served as president and director of the Los Angeles County Natural History Museum for 14 years. Her top priority was to oversee the transformation of the Museum into an indoor and outdoor institution for the 21st century. This includes renovations to the 1913 Building (the Museum's original home) and the adjacent 1920s Building, a slate of new visitor amenities, five new permanant exhibitions and the Nature Gardens. In all, the transformation has improved more than 60 percent of the Museum's interior and with the Nature Gardens, doubled its programming space.

Pisano holds a B.A. in political science from Stanford University and an M.A. and Ph.D.s in international relations from the Johns Hopkins University.

Vice President

Paul Danczyk
Director of Executive Education
University of Southern California—Sol Price

Paul Danczyk is the director of executive education in Sacramento for the University of Southern California Sol Price School of Public Policy.

In his current capacity, Danczyk designs, coordinates and presents in leadership and management programs—impacting national, state and local governmental and nonprofit organizations—teaches master level classes on strategic management, leadership, negotiation and public administration in California and Mexico, and is an executive coach. He cofounded and is the lead architect of

A returned Peace Corps Volunteer, Danczyk earned his Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh, focusing on public and international affairs; his MPA from the University of Southern California; his B.S. from the Pennsylvania State University; his certified executive coach through the International Coaching Federation, trained at the Hudson Institute for Coaching; and holds Harvard University’s Mediating Disputes certification.

He and his wife are raising two sons. Danczyk enjoys landscaping, creating sculptures, painting and bee keeping.

Immediate Past President

Susan T. Gooden
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA

Susan T. Gooden is professor of public administration and policy at the L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University, immediate past president of the American Society for Public Administration (ASPA) and fellow of the congressional chartered National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA). She has been a member of ASPA since 1995, including previous service on ASPA's National Council (District II), section chair of the Section of Public Administration Research (SPAR) and long time member of the Conference of Minority Public Administrators (COMPA).

Her books include: Race and Social Equity: A Nervous Area of Government (2014, Routledge) and Cultural Competency for Public Administrators (2012, Routledge), a co-edited volume. Her research on social equity has been published in Public Administration Review, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, Administrative Theory and Praxis, State and Local Government Review, Journal of Public Management and Social Policy, Journal of Public Affairs Education, Review of Public Personnel Administration and other journals. Her research has been funded by several organizations including the Kellogg Foundation, the Smith Richardson Foundation, MDRC and the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research.

Gooden has received several awards and honors including the Jewel Prestage Pioneer Award, (2015); the Messick Scholar, University of Delaware (2015); Service Award,  VCU College of Humanities and Sciences (2011-12); co-recipient, Best Article of the Year Award, Journal of Public Affairs Education (2007).

She was appointed to the Commission on Peer Review and Accreditation, the accrediting arm of the Network of Associated Schools of Public Policy, Affairs and Administration (NASPAA). She has previously served as an elected member to the national policy council of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM). Susan is a faculty affiliate at Duke University’s Research Network on Racial and Ethnic Inequality. She received a Fulbright Specialist Award to Zayed University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

A native of Martinsville & Henry County, Va., she earned her an A.S in natural science from Patrick Henry Community College, a B.A. in English from Virginia Tech and an M.A. in political science from Virginia Tech. She received her Ph.D. from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University in 1996.

Executive Director

William P. Shields, Jr.
American Society for Public Administration

Bill Shields became ASPA’s Executive Director in January 2014. He brings to the position more than 15 years of management experience in the non-profit sector, most recently as Vice President of the National Low Income Housing Coalition, the nation's leading public policy organization dedicated to ensuring that people with the lowest incomes have affordable and decent homes. In this role, he was responsible for the organization’s operational, financial, membership, outreach and fund development functions.

For more than a decade, Shields held senior management and research positions at the National Academy of Public Administration, a congressionally chartered organization established to assist government leaders in building more effective, efficient, accountable and transparent organizations. As Vice President and Director of Communications, he worked extensively with the Academy’s 500 elected Fellows, the nation’s top leaders in the study and practice of public administration. He served on research teams studying organization and management issues at the Departments of Defense, Housing and Urban Development, and Transportation. He edited more than 50 Academy panel reports on issues ranging from federal compensation issues to FBI reorganization.

Shields also served as Director at the Chief Executives Organization, a non-profit organization of 2,000 chief executives around the world, and in the Executive Office of the Mayor of Providence, Rhode Island. He received his M.A. in Government and B.A. in Journalism from American University, where he has been an Adjunct Professor since 2000. He lives in Washington, DC with his wife and daughter.

District Representatives

District I

Electoral District I includes: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island and Vermont
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Dr. Michael J. Ahn

Assistant Professor
University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA

Michael Ahn is an assistant professor in the department of public policy and public affairs at University of Massachusetts Boston. Michael received his Ph.D. in public administration from the Maxwell School of Syracuse University. Michael’s research focuses on digital government, public management and international comparative public administration. He served as the president of Northeast Conference on Public Administration (NECOPA), Massachusetts Chapter of the American Society for Public Administration (MassASPA) and is currently serving as the District I council representative for ASPA's National Council and as an executive committee member of the Section of Science and Technology in Government (SSTIG). He is an editorial board member of journals such as American Review of Public Administration, Public Organization Review and International Journal of Public Administration. Michael has published in journals such as Public Administration Review, American Review of Public Administration and Government Information Quarterly, and is an occasional contributor to Brookings Institution’s TechTank.

Josh Osowski

Superintendent, NJ State Park Service
Rutgers University-Newark, Newark, NJ

Josh Osowski is a superintendent in the New Jersey State Park Service and a doctoral student at Rutger’s School of Public Affairs and Administration. During his 17 years as a practitioner in state government, Josh implemented change management at Liberty State Park by taking a park that was fraught with problems and turning it into the team driven success that it is today. Josh has made significant improvements to the parks at which he works and has been able to make difficult things happen through collaboration. Josh is also finishing his coursework for a Ph.D. in public administration. Eager to improve the connection between practitioners and academics, Josh has been integral in reestablishing ASPA's New Jersey chapter.

Stephen Rolandi

John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY, New York

Stephen Rolandi is a full-time Lecturer of Public Administration, Department of Public Management, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York.

From 2008-13, he was deputy commissioner for Finance and Administration for the New York State Division of Human Rights (DHR), the oldest civil rights agency in the USA. At DHR, Steve managed human resources, finance, IT, training and facilities.

Steve served with the NYC Office of Management and Budget, City Planning Commission and Department of Records and Information Services. He was director of finance and administration for CUNY’s Baruch College (SPA); adjunct lecturer at John Jay College; budget manager for AFS Intercultural Programs and consultant to the New York Historical Society. Steve holds BA and MPA degrees from New York University.

District II

Electoral District II includes: Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico and West Virginia.
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Dr. Michael Brintnall

Independent Consultant
Cabin John, MD

Michael Brintnall is the former executive director of the American Political Science Association (APSA) and has headed the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration (NASPAA). He was vice president for academic affairs at Mount Vernon College in Washington, D.C., and directed a program evaluation office at the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. He has held faculty appointments in political science at Brown University and Mount Vernon College. Michael is a fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA) and has served as president of the National Humanities Alliance and chair of the Board of the Consortium of Social Science Associations and as a member of the Advisory Board for the Fulbright Scholar Program, Council for International Exchange of Scholars. He serves on boards for the American Society for Public Administration, Environmental Investigation Agency and the National Humanities Association Foundation, and is secretary/treasurer of Tango Mercurio. He has a Ph.D. in Political Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Donald Kettl

University of Maryland

Donald F. Kettl is a professor in the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland and is its former dean. He is also a nonresident senior fellow at the Volcker Alliance and at the Brookings Institution. Don is the author of, among other books, Escaping Jurassic Government: How to Recover America's Lost Commitment to Competence, The Next Government of the United States and The Politics of the Administrative Process.

Angela Kline

Ph.D. Student and Public Administration Fellow
University of Delaware, Newark, DE

Angie Kline is a doctoral student at the University of Delaware’s (UD) graduate program in urban affairs and public policy. She was a public administration Fellow at UD’s Institute for Public Administration and is currently a teaching assistant. She attended Villanova University, where she earned her MPA with a certificate in nonprofit management. Before her doctoral studies, she worked for several nonprofits doing resource development and evaluation. She is currently researching communities that adopt social indicator measurement plans.

Kline is an active member of ASPA, serving as a District II Representative on the National Council. She was awarded the Founder’s Fellowship Award in 2015 and participated in the 2015 ASPA Young Scholars Workshop in Mexico and the 2016 ASPA Young Scholars Workshop in Cape Town, South Africa. Angie has served as the Student Representative on the National Council and serves as a council member for the Delaware Association for Public Administration.

District III

Electoral District III includes: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee.
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Dan Lasseter

Public Service Assistant
University of Georgia, Athens, GA

Dan Lasseter is a public service faculty member at the University of Georgia’s Carl Vinson Institute of Government where he provides technical assistance to local and state government agencies related to human resource management. In this capacity, he oversees executive searches for high-level leadership positions in public sector organizations by screening and vetting potential candidates, as well as providing onsite consultation during the candidate interview process. In addition to conducting executive searches, he provides 360-degree leadership assessments for high-level management positions in governmental and nonprofit organizations. He is closely involved in employment testing for public safety agencies, which includes job analysis, job knowledge test development and assessment center design and administration. Lasseter also manages the certification program for the Georgia Local Government Personnel Association. Lasseter is a member of ASPA’s National Council, representing District III, serves on the Board of Directors for the Southeastern Conference for Public Administration and is an emeritus PA Times editorial board member.

Jared Llorens

Associate Professor and Director, Public Administration Institute
E.J. Ourso College of Business, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

Jared J. Llorens, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor and Director of the Public Administration Institute in the E.J. Ourso College of Business at Louisiana State University. His scholarly research focuses primarily on public sector human resource management, with particular interests in compensation and recruitment. He is the editor in chief of the journal Public Personnel Management and has served on the editorial boards of Public Administration, Public Administration Review and the Review of Public Personnel Administration. His research has been published in a variety of academic outlets and he is a co-author of the textbook Public Personnel Management: Context and Strategies, 6th ed.. Llorens received his B.A. from Loyola University—New Orleans, his M.P.Aff. from the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin and his Ph.D. in public administration from the University of Georgia. He is also a former U.S. Presidential Management Intern, having served as a human resources specialist with the U.S. Department of Labor and U.S. Office of Personnel Management.

Terry G. Murphy

Office of Inspector General, Miami-Dade County, FL

Terry Murphy is honored to serve on ASPA's executive committee the 2017-2018 National Council Representative. A practitioner who works as a contract oversight specialist with the Office of Inspector General in Miami-Dade County, Murphy remains active in the academic world as an adjunct professor at Florida International University. He is a board member of ASPA's South Florida Chapter. During his term as President of the Chapter, he initiated the "Best Practices" Conference, a popular annual event that continues to recognize the good works of public administrators throughout South Florida.
For more than 20 years, Murphy served as a policy advisor to elected county officials. In 2011, the electorate provided Murphy an opportunity to pursue his doctoral degree full time. After graduating, and a brief stint as a government consultant, Murphy was recruited to serve as policy advisor to the chairman of the Miami-Dade County Commission. Steadfast in his conviction that public service is a noble field, he is now at home with the dedicated men and women of the Inspector General’s Office, an agency dedicated to maintaining integrity and ethics among practitioners in the field of public administration.

District IV

Electoral District IV includes: Alaska, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Washington, Wisconsin and Wyoming.
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J. Paul Blake

J. Paul recently retired as the director of media and external relations at the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Policy & Governance, at the University of Washington. His professional service includes three terms as president of the Evergreen Chapter of the American Society for Public Administration (ASPA). He is serving his fourth term on ASPA’s National Council. He has served on the Governance Committee, the Ethics Committee—which revised the Society’s Code of Ethics—and the Ethics and Standards Implementation Committee. A recipient of the Donald C. Stone Service to ASPA Award in 2016, Blake received a Chester Newland Presidential Citation of Merit Award at the 2017 Annual Conference. In 2013 the Evergreen Chapter awarded him a Lifetime of Public Service Award. As a member of various ASPA delegations, he has presented papers in Japan and South Korea. He is a member of the Advisory Board for the University of Washington Public Relations and Strategic Communications Certificate program. He is also a member of the International Association for Public Participation, the National Coalition for Dialogue and Deliberation, the Seattle Association of Black Journalists, Tabor 100 and Blacks in Government.

Dr. Suzanne Discenza

Professor (Ret.), Park University, Kansas City, MO
Lecturer, University of Colorado Denver

Suzanne Discenza is a professor and past director of the MHA Program at Park University, where she continues to teach part time in the online BPA and MPA programs. With her recent return to Colorado, she also currently serves as a lecturer in the School of Public Affairs at UC—Denver, where she previously completed her Ph.D. in public affairs.  A current District IV Representative to ASPA National Council, she is a past president of both the Greater Kansas City and Colorado ASPA Chapters, and is a past chair of the Section for Women in Public Administration (SWPA) and of the Health Policy Forum for AUPHA.  Discenza has served on multiple nonprofit boards in the Kansas City and Denver areas and was an HHS area trainer on the PPACA and Medicaid Expansion. A health care practitioner for more than 20 years, her research continues to focus on health policy and management, gender issues and social concerns for disadvantaged populations. She was honored by Ingram’s Magazine as one of Missouri’s and Kansas’ “Icons of Education” in 2015.

Alfred Tat-Kei Ho

Associate Professor
University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS

Dr. Alfred Tat-Kei Ho is a professor of the School of Public Affairs and Administration at the University of Kansas. He has been an ASPA member since the late 1990s when he was a graduate student. He served as the Secretary of the Association of Budgeting and Financial Management (ABFM) from 1999 to 2000, and is currently an editorial board member of American Review of Public Administration and an associate editor of Public Performance & Management Review, both of which are ASPA Section journals. 

District V

Electoral District V includes: Arizona, California, Hawaii, New Mexico, Nevada, Oklahoma, Texas and Utah
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Galia Cohen

Senior Lecturer and Associate Director, Justice Admin & Leadership Program
University of Texas At Dallas, Plano, TX

Dr. Galia Cohen is the Associate Director of the Justice Administration and Leadership Master’s Program, housed in the Department of Criminology at The University of Texas—Dallas. She specializes in human resource management and organizational behavior and has more than 10 years of experience in teaching and consulting in the public sector. She teaches Human Resource Management for Public Sector, Leadership in Public and Nonprofit Management and Negotiation and Conflict Resolution at the graduate level for executives and professionals in law enforcement agencies across the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex.

Cohen received her B.A. and her M.A. from Bar-Ilan University in Israel. She holds a Ph.D. in public affairs from The University of Texas—Dallas. She has published academic articles and book chapters and her research interests include strategic human resource management, organizational theory and behavior, conflict management and public safety administration.

Cohen is a District V Representative for the American Society for Public Administration (ASPA) and an advisory board member for the Institute for Law Enforcement Administration.

Dr. James Nordin

Senior Associate
Public Management Solutions, Rio Vista, CA

James Nordin was born and raised in Illinois. He moved to California in 1987. He retired after a 33-year career as a federal civil servant serving as a regional program director; three jobs as regional financial management director in two different departments and two different regions. He earned his MPA in 1972 from Roosevelt University (Chicago) and his DPA in Public Administration in 2004 from the University of Southern California. Nordin has made his living managing financial organizations, but remains passionate about social equity and improving access to justice and promoting ethical organizations.

International Director

Allan Rosenbaum

Florida International University

Allan Rosenbaum is Professor of Public Administration and Director of the Institute for Public Management and Community Service and the Center for Democracy and Good Governance at Florida International University (FIU) in Miami, Florida. He went to FIU as Dean of its School of Public Affairs and Services. He is a recent Past President of ASPA and has served two terms as President of the International Association of Schools and Institutes of Administration in Brussels, Belgium. Based on nomination by the Secretary General of the United Nations, vetting with the US Mission, and approval by UN Economic and Social Council, he is a member of the United Nations Committee of Experts on Public Administration where he serves as Vice Chairperson. He has served as acting Budget Administrator of the City of Miami and subsequently worked in state government in Illinois, and on educational policy in the national government.

He has directed large USAID democratic institution building projects in Latin America and Africa, and has carried out numerous international projects for the United Nations, the World Bank, the Swedish International Development Agency and various governments around the world. He has provided technical assistance to governments, lectured or conducted research in approximately 100 countries around the world. He has been Visiting Distinguished Professor at the University of Potsdam, Germany and is Honorary Professor at the Chinese Academy of Governance in Beijing, as well as at Babes Bolyai University in Cluj, Romania. He currently serves on the journal editorial boards of 11 journals located in eight countries around the world and is a fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration. Prior to coming to FIU, he was on the faculties of the Universities of Maryland, Connecticut and Wisconsin, Madison and held a research position at the University of Chicago.

Student Representative

Andrea Headley

Florida International University

Andrea Marie Headley is a Doctoral Candidate in Public Affairs at Florida International University (FIU). She holds a Master of Science in Criminal Justice from FIU and a Bachelor of Science in Education from the University of Miami, where she double majored in Human and Social Development and Criminology and minored in Communication Studies. Her research, funded by the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, centers on organizational behavior and police-community relations. Andrea is particularly interested in understanding the role of the bureaucracy in shaping the relationships with disadvantaged groups. Andrea has also published and presented research at various conferences on prison privatization, kidnappings, criminal justice policy, and the intersection between community-based organization and crime prevention. She is the recipient of numerous awards and scholarships and has held various leadership positions for national and local organizations.

COMPA Director

Marc Fudge
California State University—San Bernardino

Marc Fudge is an associate professor of public administration in the Jack H. Brown College of Business and Public Administration at California State University—San Bernardino. He is the current president of the Conference of Minority Public Administrators (COMPA) and has served on its executive board since 2014. Fudge is also the managing editor of the Journal of Public Management and Social Policy (JPMSP). In 2016 he was appointed to serve as a senior research fellow for the Research Institute for Public Management and Governance. At California State University—San Bernardino he received the prestigious Chancellor’s Grant on Extended Education where he developed the Social Innovation and Diversity Management Program. The program provides students with the necessary tools to develop socially innovative projects, while nurturing cultural competency skills and providing outstanding management-focused education for professionals operating in various fields.

Fudge conducts research in the areas of public finance, social equity and performance measurement. His work appears in the Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting and Financial Management, Public Financial Management, the Journal of International Finance and Economics, the International Journal of Public Administration and several other publications.

He earned his Ph.D. in public administration from Rutgers University—Newark, his MPA from Fairleigh Dickinson University and his BA from Howard University.