In 2015, PAR will celebrate its 75th Anniversary.  Over the years, PAR has risen to the top as the preeminent journal in public administration. As part of that rich history, PAR will publish the 75 most influential PAR articles that have advanced the field of public administration. You can find these articles on the PAR 75th anniversary website at

PAR Preview ▪ Issue 41 ▪ November 2014

PAR Preview is a monthly newsletter that calls attention to forthcoming articles in PAR. It provides brief summaries of content now available digitally in Early View, Wiley’s online publication system.



The Legitimacy of U.S. Government Agency Power

A synthesis of the work of two political and legal scholars, John Rohr and Lon Fuller, properly balances constitutional and managerial values, supplementing other theories that offer useful but insufficient support for American government agency legitimacy. Agencies reflecting that balance would strengthen their legitimacy—a particularly valuable goal in an era of low confidence in American government. Rohr's focus on the constitutional oath of office and American regime values, and Fuller's insistence that law must serve human needs, leave a great deal indeterminate and discretionary but nevertheless set boundaries. Bureaucrats who risked or sacrificed their jobs to avoid transgressing those boundaries offer models of loyalty to the Rohr-Fuller balance of values. Daniel L. Feldman (John Jay College of Criminal Justice) offers insight into how the behavior of officials in the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency in thwarting measures could have averted the financial crisis of 2007, and how this offers a model of bureaucrats who violated those boundaries. Link to PAR Early View

Networks and Networking: The Public Administrative Agendas

Published in 1997, the article “Treating Networks Seriously: Practical and Research-Based Agendas in Public Administration” outlined the importance of networks for the field of public administration and suggested a series of research agendas that should be pursued. That argument has received substantial attention in the years since. Research on networks and networking has made substantial progress, particularly on some questions—the descriptive agenda, for instance, and some aspects of the practical agenda. However, considerable work remains to be done. Laurence J. O'Toole Jr. (University of Georgia; University of Twente, The Netherlands) asserts that more needs to be known about the ways in which networks and networking behavior can shape performance and affect the most salient values in our governance systems; better empirical theory is also needed in this regard. Such further developments would be of immense value to the practice of public administration. The world of public administration has for some time been treating networks seriously, but the work is far from complete. Link to PAR Early View

Campaign-Style Enforcement and Regulatory Compliance

Nicole Ning Liu (City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong), Carlos Wing-Hung Lo, Xueyong Zhan (The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong), and Wei Wang (Jinan University, China) examine the recoupling mechanism of campaign-style enforcement and its effects on environmental regulatory compliance. Drawing on the policy implementation literature and institutional theory, the authors develop a conceptual model of campaign-style enforcement in which both resource mobilization and power redistribution are theorized to address decoupling problems in regulatory compliance. The two-pathway recoupling mechanism is evidenced by an empirical investigation of the implementation of China's energy conservation and emission reduction policy as part of that country's 11th Five-Year Plan. Findings suggest that campaign-style enforcement can effectively improve regulatory compliance when it addresses the efficiency/legitimacy conflict by providing policy incentives and reorganizing a clear hierarchy of political authority. The article concludes with a discussion of the strengths and limitations of campaign-style enforcement. Link to PAR Early View

Proverbs and the Evolution of Public Administration

Herbert Simon, in his 1946 essay “The Proverbs of Administration,” indicted public administration as having conflicting and contradictory theories and an absence of a knowledge base that could provide a guide to practice. Simon proposed that public administration define concepts, adopt efficiency as its objective, focus on the study of decision making, and construct models that could predict efficient results. In this 75th-anniversary article, Kenneth J. Meier (Texas A&M University; Cardiff University, United Kingdom) revisits Simon's essay in light of contemporary public administration. He examines the progress that has been made and what still needs to be accomplished, and he ends with a list of barriers to further progress. Link to PAR Early View

Past and Future Budget Classics: A Research Agenda

Irene Rubin (Northern Illinois University) summarizes the content of four classic articles on budgeting that have appeared in Public Administration Review, outlines some of the major changes in budgeting that have occurred since those authors wrote, and, based on those changes, offers a research agenda for the next set of budget classics. Link to PAR Early View