PAR Preview ▪ January 2015
PAR Preview is a monthly newsletter that calls attention to forthcoming articles in PAR. It provides brief summaries of content now available digitally in Early View, Wiley’s online publication system.
PAR’s 75th Anniversary
James L. Perry (Editor in Chief, Public Administration Review) announces PAR’s current issue as it ushers in PAR’s 75th year of publication. He also highlights several planned celebrations occurring this year. Link to PAR Podcast
Representation and Inclusion in Public Organizations: Evidence from the U.K. Civil Service
This episode features comments by Rhys Andrews (Cardiff Business School, United Kingdom). Professor Andrews discusses his article co-authored with Rachel Ashworth (Cardiff University, United Kingdom), “Representation and Inclusion in Public Organizations: Evidence from the U.K. Civil Service.” This article is currently available on Early View and will be printed in Public Administration Review, Issue 75, Volume 2. Listen to PAR Podcast.
The Politics of Local Government Stabilization Funds
This episode features comments by Douglas Snow (Suffolk University). Professor Snow discusses his article co-authored with Gerasimos A. Gianakis and Jonathan Haughton (Suffolk University), “The Politics of Local Government Stabilization Funds.” This article is currently available on Early View and will be printed in Public Administration Review, Issue 75, Volume 2. Listen to PAR Podcast.
Public Incentives, Market Motivations, and Contaminated Properties: New Public Management and Brownfield Liability Reform
Brownfields pose challenges to both communities and policy makers. Public funds are insufficient to remediate these contaminated sites, but, given the uncertainty of contamination and the complexity of liability, private interests are reluctant to become involved for fear of future litigation. From a New Public Management perspective, market incentives can be used to encourage private sector remediation of sites. However, this change implies a shift in administrative function from regulation to “getting the incentives right.” In this research, Adam Eckerd (Virginia Tech) and Roy L. Heidelberg (Louisiana State University) investigate whether state and federal reforms aimed at increasing private sector involvement have actually done so, and they consider the implications for other goals of brownfield remediation, such as providing economic development assistance in communities where such change is needed. Findings show that developers respond to insurance and tax incentives, but the authors question whether public incentives are making unattractive redevelopment opportunities worth investing in or simply making profitable redevelopment opportunities more profitable. Link to PAR Early View.
The Right Mix? Gender Diversity in Top Management Teams and Financial Performance
Recent research has illustrated that demographic diversity influences the outcomes of public sector organizations. Most studies have focused on workforce diversity; by comparison, little is known about how managerial diversity affects organizational outcomes. Niels Opstrup (University of Southern Denmark, Denmark) and Anders R. Villadsen (Aarhus University, Denmark) focus on gender diversity in the top management teams of public organizations and its relationship to financial performance. Theory suggests that management diversity can be a positive asset for organizations, allowing for the use of more diverse knowledge and human skill sets. Results of this study, however, suggest that organizations may only be able to leverage these advantages if they have a supporting management structure. In a longitudinal study of top management teams in Danish municipalities, the authors find that gender diversity in top management teams is associated with higher financial performance, but only in municipalities with a management structure that supports cross-functional team work. These results are interpreted in light of existing theory, and implications are suggested. Link to PAR Early View.
Measuring the Growth of the Nonprofit Sector: A Longitudinal Analysis
Scholars have examined the effects of various environmental factors on the nonprofit sector to elucidate the role of nonprofits in modern society. However, researchers report a paucity of information on nonprofit growth using longitudinal data, especially outside the United States. Seok Eun Kim (Hanyang University, South Korea) and You Hyun Kim (Korean National Assembly, South Korea) analyze 40 years of political, economic, and sociodemographic data in South Korea to test theories of nonprofit growth and to determine whether the concepts and theories developed for Western societies can be successfully applied in South Korea. The results show that demand- and supply-side economic theories account for variations in nonprofit growth, but the existing socioeconomic explanations fail to recognize the political influences on nonprofit development. Nonprofit organizations have emerged from social and economic necessity but have also been nurtured within a political framework. Link to PAR Early View.