PAR FLASHBACK - 2011
This edition of PAR Preview calls attention to select articles in PAR over the past few years. It provides brief summaries of content now available digitally in Wiley's Online Library.
The Job of Government: Interweaving Public Functions and Private Hands
Donald F. Kettl (University of Maryland) discusses his article titled “The Job of Government: Interweaving Public Functions and Private Hands.” This article is currently available in Public Administration Review Issue 75, Volume 2. Link to PAR Podcast.
Does Twitter Increase Perceived Police Legitimacy?
Stephan Grimmelikhuijsen (Utrecht School of Governance) discusses his article co-authored with Albert J. Meijer (Utrecht School of Governance) titled “Does Twitter Increase Perceived Police Legitimacy?” This article is currently available on Early View and will be printed in Public Administration Review, Issue 75, Volume 4. Link to PAR Podcast.
Serving Clients When the Server Crashes: How Frontline Workers Cope with E-Government Challenges
Philip Rocco (University of California, Berkeley) discusses his article co-authored with Lars Tummers (Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands) titled “Serving Clients When the Server Crashes: How Frontline Workers Cope with E-Government Challenges.” This article is currently available on Early View and will be printed in Public Administration Review, Issue 75, Volume 5. Link to PAR Podcast.
Research Articles - 2011
The Obama Administration and PBB: Building on the Legacy of Federal Performance-Informed Budgeting?
Philip G. Joyce (University of Maryland) discusses how the administration of President Barack Obama, like those of his immediate predecessors, is focused on trying to improve the quality of, and use of, performance data. The federal government has been pursuing performance-informed budget reforms for more than 50 years. Most recently, the Bush administration reforms included the President’s Management Agenda and the Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART). The Obama administration reforms include: measuring the effects of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act; reducing or eliminating poorly-performing programs; setting a limited number of short-term, high-priority performance goals; and funding detailed program evaluations. The administration is taking a more agency-driven approach than the Bush administration, but continues to find it challenging to move beyond production of performance data to its use. There should be opportunities to show how performance information can be used for decision making, given the change in the political climate and the needs to reduce spending and the deficit. Historically, there has been little appetite in the Congress for evidence-based decision making. The administration, however, can continue to demonstrate how federal agencies can use performance information to more effectively manage programs. Read in PAR Online.
Networked Coproduction of Public Services in Virtual Communities: From a Government-Centric to a Community Approach to Public Service Support
Research on and practical attention for the coproduction of public services is increasing. Coproduction is seen as a way to strengthen the quality and legitimacy of public service and reduce costs. Scholarship on coproduction of public services repeatedly ignores the role of the new media. This is surprising since many proponents highlight its potential for changing traditional, government-centric approaches to delivering public services. Albert Jacob Meijer (Utrecht School of Governance) shows that digital communities form an important addition to the government-centric form of public service provision since they foster both an exchange of experiential information and social-emotional support. Read in PAR Online.
Implications of Occupational Locus and Focus for Public Service Motivation: Attitudes Toward Work Motives across Nations
Is occupational locus or focus important for public service motivation? Does national context influence public service motivation? To answer both questions, David J. Houston (University of Tennessee) examines attitudes toward work motives from national samples in 11 North American and Western European nations using multilevel binary logistic regression analysis. The findings demonstrate that the locus of an occupation in government and its focus on a public service activity both are important in shaping preferences for work motives related to public service motivation. Also, the preference for work motives held by citizens is correlated with the type of welfare regime in a nation. Although it is less pronounced, some evidence suggests that the type of welfare regime influences preferences toward work motives among government employees. Read in PAR Online.