Learn the latest public administration news in today's edition of The Bridge!

May 10, 2017

ASPA Website | PA TIMES.org

In This Issue:

Honoring Public Servants

Welcome to Public Service Recognition Week (PSRW), an annual event honoring the public servants in our lives and communities! This Week provides a wonderful opportunity for all of us to thank our mayors, city managers, emergency responders, garbage collectors, health care providers and others for their work on behalf of the public. These individuals are on the front lines of creating and maintaining the communities in which we live—and deserve to be honored for it. Take time soon to recognize them for the ways in which they contribute to your wellbeing.

ASPA is thrilled to share that more than 15 of our Chapters have been hosting events in celebration of this week to honor the public servants in their areas. Whether through awards, lectures or conferences, Chapters across the country have been actively saying "thank you" to those who serve.

You can find details about these events on our website, including links to Chapter events, proclamations that have been issued, photos of events and more. We will continue to post information showcasing these celebrations, so make sure you share with us photos and other details about your event. The more information we get, the more we'll publish!

We look forward to sharing with you all the great ways our members, Chapters and public organizations have celebrated PSRW 2017!

Follow #PSRW on Twitter for plenty of information from across the country about PSRW events, now and throughout the month of May!

Spotlights on Success

Over the past nine months, ASPA has been building a catalog of best practices from our Chapters and Sections that showcases programming they are undertaking to provide networking and connection opportunities for their members. Have you seen this portfolio?

Since we launched this catalog, we have covered (in reverse order):

Make the most of this catalog—which will continue to grow!—and take good ideas back to your Section or Chapter!

Contact us if your group is interested in having one of your programs discussed through Spotlights on Success!

Webinars, BookTalks and Student Series on the Horizon

ASPA's professional development webinars are ongoing throughout the year. Averaging 75 attendees per webinar and free to ASPA members, these e-learning opportunities provide you with valuable insights and information at your fingertips. Visit our website to stay in the loop about all upcoming webinars, BookTalks and Student Series.

New Strategies for Engaged Learning
May 17 | 1 p.m. EDT
Tricia Nolfi, Assistant Professor, Rider University

Engaged learning practices create opportunities for students to apply what they've learned to various contexts, to learn from various perspectives, work collaboratively and receive timely feedback on their performance. This webinar will explore new strategies for engaged learning in the face-to-face and online classroom, drawing upon the experiences of the webinar facilitator.

Student Webinar: Resumes, Resumes, Resumes
June 6 | 1 p.m. EDT
Bill Shields, Executive Director, ASPA
Andrea Headley, Moderator ASPA Student Representative and Florida International University

This webinar is always a sell-out! Back by popular demand, Bill Shields will help students, new professionals and anyone else interested learn how to use their resume to market themselves on the page. There are different perspectives and views on resumes—what should be on them, what shouldn't, how long they should be, what they should cover... The answers you get depend on whom you ask. Bill will share with you his guidelines and answer your questions to help ensure your resume is top-notch!

BookTalk: Partisans and Partners: The Politics of the Post-Keynesian Society
June 20 | 1 p.m. EDT
Josh Pacewicz, Professor, Brown University

There's no question that Americans are bitterly divided by politics. But in Partisans and Partners, author Josh Pacewicz finds that our traditional understanding of red/blue, right/left, urban/rural division is too simplistic. He looks to two cities, one traditionally Democratic, the other traditionally Republican, and finds that younger voters are rejecting older-timers' strict political affiliations. Changes are coming not from politicians and voters, but from the fundamental reorganization of the community institutions in which political parties have traditionally been rooted.

Focus on Membership: Update Your Member Profile!

Tired of getting emails from ASPA about our webinars (we hope not!)? Need to make sure we are using your proper first name? Need to provide a change of email address?

Take a trip to your profile page on our website and update your information so we have the most recent data about you! While you are there, you can:

  • Update your contact information
  • Provide us with your organization or institution affiliation (even if you're a student!)
  • Change your password to something you'll remember
  • Renew your membership (if your renewal date is coming up)
  • Tell us how to find you on social media
  • Update which kinds of email messages you want to receive (under Preferences)
  • Learn about your Chapter/Section/Committee participation (under My Participation)
You can provide a wealth of knowledge about yourself to us with just a few clicks of the button. Log on to your profile now and update your information so you get ASPA news and updates the way YOU want them!

Contact membership manager Michael Silliman with any questions or for assistance with your login details.

Get the News in Your Inbox!

Did you know that because you're an ASPA member, you can get current news and information from two special sources: SmartBrief and The Public Manager? Members are automatically added to the ASPA SmartBrief distribution list and we hope you are enjoying your daily e-newsletters. If you are not receiving a copy and would like to, please contact us and we will add you to the list!

You will need to sign up for your free copy of The Public Manager to receive it each month, and we hope you do! This is an independent magazine that shares real stories of unstoppable innovation in U.S. government. Information for how to access this resource is on ASPA's website—make the most of it! (Please note: you must create an account with The Public Manager to sign up for the free newsletters.)

Both of these resources will provide you with news and information you need to stay connected with public administrators across the country. Please contact us for assistance with either of these resources.

Want to add an event? Email Melissa Jun with the details!

SECoPA: Proposals Due May 15

The Southeastern Conference for Public Administration (SECoPA) Call for Proposals expires on May 15. Submit yours now to be considered for this fall’s event, taking place Oct. 4-7 in Hollywood Beach, Fla. Visit SECoPA's website for more information.

25th NISPAcee Annual Conference Next Week!

The 2017 NISPAcee Annual Conference, jointly organized by NISPAcee and Kazan Federal University, will take place May 18-20 in Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan. With a theme focusing on Innovation Governance in the Public Sector, this will be a critical conference in a beautiful location! You can still register for this event and find more information on the NISPAcee website.

MPAC, TPAC and SELC Are Three Weeks Away

The Midwest Public Affairs Conference (MPAC), Teaching Public Administration Conference (TPAC) and Social Equity Leadership Conference (SELC) are all taking place in Omaha, May 31-June 2. One registration will get you set up for all three conferences. Find a comprehensive information page and links to more details online here and plan to head to Omaha later this month!

ICPA Call for Papers Deadline Approaching!

The 12th International Conference on Public Administration, taking place Nov. 14-17 in Accra, Ghana, has issued its Call for Papers. All abstracts are due June 1, 2017, with full papers due in mid-July. Find more information and links to hotel and regisration details online here.

Upcoming Events at Norwich University

Norwich University is offering a number of courses this June to help you prepare for certifications or otherwise maintain your industry knowledge:

  • Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) Prep Course, June 12-16: CISSP draws from a comprehensive, up-to-date, global common body of knowledge that ensures security leaders have a deep knowledge and understanding of new threats, technologies, regulations, standards and practices. The CISSP was the first credential in the field of information security to meet the stringent requirements of ISO/IEC Standard 17024. Not only is the CISSP an objective measure of excellence, but also it is a globally recognized standard of achievement. Find more information online here.
  • Drone License and Exam Prep Course, June 13-15: The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has recently implemented requirements for commercial drone flying. Whether you work in public safety, search and rescue, real estate or other industries where drone use is applicable, you now need a license to operate a drone. This is a preparatory course for the Commercial Drone Flying License Exam and can get you ready to take the exam at a test center near you. Find more information online here.
  • Cybersecurity Summit, June 19-21: The summit, presented in a continuing education format, welcomes Norwich alumni and their guests interested in exploring and discussing the latest in cyber security policy from both the federal level and the practical application of that policy on a local or business level. Who should attend? Mid-level to executive level managers in need of enhanced knowledge in the information assurance or cybersecurity fields. Five CEUs will be offered at the completion of summit. Find more information online here.

10th Annual Public Performance Conference Scheduled for September

The 10th Annual Public Performance Conference, hosted by the National Center for Public Performance, the School of Public Affairs and Administration at Rutgers University—Newark and the Suffolk University Sawyer Business School’s Institute for Public Service, will take place Sept. 28-29, 2017, at Suffolk University in Boston. The topic of this conference will be how organizations design, implement and sustain performance innovations that can withstand times of transition and change. Performance measurement is becoming more and more common across the public and nonprofit sectors. Organizations have proven to be very good at beginning performance and innovation initiatives, but less so when the longevity of these systems has been tested. We seek to better understand how performance measurement and management systems can withstand the pressures of political and institutional change and sustain themselves for the long term. Click here for more information.

PAR Symposium Call for Papers: Understanding and Reducing Public Corruption

Globally, corruption costs governments and businesses trillions of dollars each year. It distorts public policy objectives and damages trust. This makes for great difficulties for public administration, however scholarly analysis of public corruption is meager, especially in public administration and related fields. This symposium seeks to better understand how corruption affects public administration and how public administration can mitigate corruption. It is intended to advance research and generate a comprehensive knowledge base on public corruption. Manuscripts are due by Nov. 1, 2017. Click here for more information.

And the News Keeps Coming!

Public administration is busy! Calls for proposals, calls for papers, conference announcements and more are being published daily. ASPA's website lists all news we receive, both across the discipline and within our Chapters and Sections. Make sure you check out these news feeds and stay in touch about everything going on within the discipline.

Welcome to Our Most Recent Members!
Click here to view recent new ASPA members!

PAR Update

The latest articles from Public Administration Review are available in the Wiley Online Library.

Public Administration and the Disciplines
Rosemary O'Leary, Editor

Foundations of Relating: Theory and Evidence on the Formation of Street-Level Bureaucrats' Workplace Networks
Despite the importance of peers in forming role expectations, fostering group identity, and facilitating job learning, limited theory and empirical evidence exist on the antecedents of street-level peer relationships. To address this gap, Muhammad Azfar Nisar (Lahore University of Management Sciences, Pakistan) and Spiro Maroulis (Arizona State University) draw on social capital and social exchange theories to develop hypotheses about the micro-social foundations of street-level bureaucrats' peer selection. The hypotheses are tested using a rich data set from an intraorganizational network of teachers in a large urban school implementing a reform that strongly promoted frontline innovation. Both structural and instrumental considerations, such as seeking peers possessing characteristics and resources valued by the reform, figure prominently in the work relations of street-level bureaucrats. These results imply that the introduction of improvement initiatives requiring frontline participation, in addition to altering work practices, may also alter social networks within the frontline of an organization in a manner that favors some frontline workers over others. Link to PAR Early View

Research Articles

Embedded Government Control and Nonprofit Revenue Growth
Na Ni (Shenzhen Audencia Business School, China) and Xueyong Zhan (The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong) combine insights from resource dependence and institutional theories to examine the growth of Chinese nonprofit revenues. They propose the concept of embedded government control (EGC) to capture the complexity of the government–nonprofit relationship along two dimensions: government regulation of nonprofits' public fundraising qualifications and the political embeddedness of nonprofits with the government. Using a data set of 2,159 Chinese philanthropic foundations for the period 2005–12, the authors test hypotheses about the implications of EGC for nonprofit revenues in China following two major external shocks: the Wenchuan earthquake in 2008 and the Guo Meimei scandal in 2011. The empirical analysis shows that EGC can help philanthropic foundations obtain more government subsidies, donations and market revenues. However, external shocks may either strengthen or weaken the enabling role of EGC in helping foundations acquire relatively more donations. Link to PAR Early View

Questioning Kaufman: How Cross-Level Political Coalitions Interact with Organizational Structure
Herbert Kaufman's The Forest Ranger is considered a landmark study of how organizations can be structured to elicit compliance from field officials, yet there have been few attempts to validate Kaufman's claims. Forrest Fleischman (University of Minnesota Twin Cities) argues that the outcomes observed by Kaufman resulted from interplay between organizational structure and political context—a variable that Kaufman ignored. This argument is supported by case studies of two agencies with structures similar to Kaufman's U.S. Forest Service but poorer outcomes: the same agency today and India's forest departments. Both differences in organizational structure and poorer outcomes are found to be the result of political context. Specifically, coalitions assembled around agencies use the implementation process to shape outcomes in ways that could not be accomplished solely through changing laws or formal administrative structure. This points to the importance of building supportive field-level coalitions to complement administrative reforms. Link to PAR Early View

Commentary on this article by Herbert Kaufman is available online. Link to PAR Early View

Business Experts on Public Sector Boards: What Do They Contribute?
Although public management reforms around the world have given business experts an enhanced role in the governance of public sector organizations, the impact of this change is poorly understood. Drawing from the literature on board human capital as a theoretical framework and focusing on the case of hospital boards in the English National Health Service, Ian Kirkpatrick (University of Warwick, United Kingdom), Francesco Vallascas and Gianluca Veronesi (University of Leeds, United Kingdom) address this concern by investigating whether increasing the presence of individuals with business expertise has any significant relationship with organizational performance. The findings show that while business expertise appears to have no influence on service quality, it does have a positive effect on financial performance. However, this only applies to governing boards that are less experienced in terms of their collective tenure. The findings lend partial support to board capital theory but also show that in certain conditions generic business expertise can be a valuable asset for public sector organizations. Link to PAR Early View

What Explains Agency Heads’ Length of Tenure? Testing Managerial Background, Performance and Political Environment Effects
There are a number of influences on how long an agency head serves. The importance of particular influences, in turn, depends on the prospective destination of the agency head: elsewhere in the public sector, the private sector or retirement. Nicolai Petrovsky (University of Kentucky), Oliver James, Alice Moseley (University of Exeter, United Kingdom) and George A. Boyne (Cardiff University, United Kingdom) estimate survival models of agency heads' tenure using panel data on British central government executive agencies from 1989 to 2012. Findings suggest that chief executives of poorly performing agencies are encouraged to retire sooner. There is no evidence that a change in political control increases the risk of any form of exit, suggesting that political pressure to leave is not substantial for this type of official. Outsiders—agency heads recruited from outside central government—are relatively difficult to retain for a longer time, such that potential shortfalls in suitable managers caused by retirements in an aging workforce may be difficult to make up by appointing from this source. Link to PAR Early View

Examining the Evolution of the Field of Public Administration through a Bibliometric Analysis of Public Administration Review
In 2015, Public Administration Review celebrated its 75th year of publication. For this milestone, the PAR Editorial Board selected the 75 most influential articles in the history of the journal and invited scholars to "revisit a selection of these articles" in order "to take stock of what these articles meant for the field." Bibliometrics offers a complementary view of the history of a discipline and the evolution of its research and practice agendas through an analysis of its published literature. Chaoqun Ni (Simmons College), Cassidy R. Sugimoto and Alice Robbin (Indiana University, Bloomington) examine the changes over time in PAR from 1940 through 2013 in authorship: contributions, impact, gender composition, institutional and national affiliation, profession as scholar or practitioner, collaboration networks and the status of the 75 influential articles. Through an extensive quantitative analysis of scholarly production, this article demonstrates PAR’s centrality to the discipline of public administration and its bridging role between public administration and political science. Link to PAR Early View

The Effects of Doing More with Less in the Public Sector: Evidence from a Large-Scale Survey
Since the onset of the Great Recession, "doing more with less" has become a policy mantra. To do more with less, a range of governments have concurrently imposed wage cuts and greater work demands on public employees. Marc Esteve, Christian Schuster (University College London, United Kingdom), Adria Albareda (Leiden University, The Netherlands) and Carlos Losada (ESADE Business School, Spain) assess the impact of these changes on the job satisfaction and work motivation of public employees in 34 European countries. Congruent with previous studies linking income and working hours with job attitudes, the article finds a negative impact on both. There are no free austerity lunches: while public employees may work longer hours for lower pay, they are less satisfied and less motivated when doing so. One caveat applies: the effect on motivation—although not satisfaction—is mitigated when employees feel their values are aligned with those of their organization. This puts a premium on public managers fostering value alignment, particularly when it is hardest to achieve: in times of cutbacks. Link to PAR Early View

Public Integrity Update

Public Integrity's May/June Issue (Vol 19 No 3) highlights include:

  • Brandi Blessett's powerful call to action in her guest editorial—To Imagine A World Where All Lives Truly Mattered
  • Gjalt de Graaf and Zeger Van der Wal's illuminating article—Without Blinders. Public Values Scholarship in Political Science, Economics and Law: Content and Contribution to Public Administration
  • Maryse Tremblay, Joe Trempe Martineau and Thierry C. Pauchant introduce a compelling new model for measuring integrity in their article—Managing Organizational Ethics in the Public Sector: A Pluralist Contingency Approach as an Alternative to the Integrity Management Framework
  • George Frederickson and Jack W. Meek's thought-provoking article—Searching for Virtue in the City: Bell and Her Sisters
  • Sharon Mastracci's boundary-breaking article—Beginning Nurses' Perceptions of Ethical Leadership in the Shadow of Mid Staffs
  • Sheila Suess Kennedy's timely and prescient article—Electoral Integrity: How Gerrymandering Matters
  • Robin Van Halderen and Emile Kolthoff's innovative approach to corruption in their article—Noble Cause Corruption Revisited: Towards a Structured Research Approach
  • Richard Jacobs' reflective review of James Svara's new book—The Ethic Primer for Public Administration in Government and Nonprofit Organizations
Read them now at: http://www.tandfonline.com/MPIN or comment on them on any of our digital media sites:

New on PA TIMES Online

Every Tuesday and Friday, ASPA publishes a curated collection of original content that covers public service, management and international affairs.

This quarter, we welcome submissions that focus on local, state and national law enforcement. Send your contributions to us now! The deadline is rolling; contact us for more information.

Check out our recent articles and columns:

Street Art As Political Discourse

Cybersecurity and Local Governments within the United States

Sorting Garbage in Yosemite


Find your next career opportunity at publicservicecareers.org. This online job board is the perfect resource for making a career change or landing your first job in the public service. It lists dozens of positions in academia, government and the nonprofit sector. Below are just a few current listings.

Open Rank Faculty Positions in Economics, Public Policy and Public Administration – Fulbright School of Public Policy and Management, Fulbright University Vietnam – Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam

Doctoral Fellowship – MDRC – New York, NY

Revenue Analyst, Health Care Analyst, Applied Microeconomist—Public Finance, Macroeconomist – Congressional Budget Office – Washington, DC

American Society for Public Administration
1730 Rhode Island Ave., NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20036

Please send inquiries to Managing Editor Karen E. T. Garrett.