In Memoriam: H. George Frederickson
ASPA Past President H. George Frederickson passed away on July 24. He recently had turned 86 and had the distinction of being one of ASPA's oldest living past presidents.
George Frederickson was born in 1934 in Twin Falls, Idaho. Part of a large, loving family, Frederickson and his siblings worked with their parents to support the family drive-in and Frederickson's Fine Candy and Ice Cream. The hard work was balanced by lots of fun and, as an Idaho boy, he loved hunting and fishing with his dad and brothers. He had many friends—according to his mother, he never made a friend he didn't keep.
Initially, Frederickson did not show much promise as a scholar, often getting kicked out of class for joking or talking. Teachers frequently sent the unruly boy to the library as punishment. Bored and desperate for entertainment, he began reading books to pass the time. Exposure to the world of ideas contained in books, intended as punishment, sparked in George a love of learning that changed the course of his life forever.
His worldview shifted when he served on a mission in South Africa for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Two years of witnessing apartheid first-hand profoundly influenced his perspective and informed his subsequent research on social justice and equity—one of the distinguishing characteristics of his work.
Shortly after returning to Brigham Young University (BYU), Frederickson met and fell in love with Mary Williams; once engaged, she waited for him to complete his Army basic training before they were married in March 1958. He graduated from BYU the following year and went on to earn his MPA (UCLA) and PhD (USC). He accepted his first teaching job at the University of Maryland.
Frederickson's career took his family to New York, North Carolina, Indiana, Missouri and Washington State. During these years he took the family on many camping trips, zig-zagging the country from Mt. Katahdin in Maine to the Olympic Peninsula, from the beaches of South Carolina to the mountains of New Mexico. Through visiting professorships, they lived in Oxford, England, and Shanghai, China.
In 1968, Frederickson put forward social equity as the "third pillar" of public administration—for social equity to take on the same status as economy and efficiency as values or principles to which public administration should adhere. History would prove him correct and social equity remains a pillar of public administration, gaining strength over time.
He excelled as a university executive as founding associate dean of Indiana University's School of Public and Environmental Affairs and dean of the University of Missouri's School of Community Affairs. He was appointed president of Eastern Washington State College in Cheney, where he served for 10 years. Under his innovative and dynamic leadership, and in the face of considerable resistance, the college transitioned into a thriving regional university including a name change to Eastern Washington University with campuses in Cheney and Spokane.
Frederickson returned to full-time scholarship when he was appointed the Edwin O. Stene Distinguished Professor of Public Administration at the University of Kansas, where he founded and edited the prestigious Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory. He also was the founder of the Journal of Public Affairs Education. He was a proud "generalist," known to young scholars and tenured professors alike, and made seminal contributions across the disciplines. He retired from KU in 2012, though he continued to write and visit his office on campus daily until this year.
As a young scholar, Frederickson served on ASPA's National Council beginning in 1970, brought into ASPA leadership as part of its "Philadelphia Revolution," the first time in ASPA history when competitive elections were held. Part of the "Young Professionals Forum" at the time, Frederickson and several of his peers not only changed the scope of the 1970 Annual Conference, but also that of ASPA's 1970 elections. Having their names placed on the ballot, four of them (including Frederickson) were voted onto the National Council and all of them went on to serve as ASPA's president. Frederickson's turn at the helm, 1977-78, included adding new Sections under ASPA's umbrella and continuing his fight for equity in the discipline.
Over a long and distinguished career, Frederickson frequently was recognized for his achievements. To him, these honors were a reflection of meaningful and lasting contributions in scholarship and civic engagement. He was awarded ASPA's Dwight Waldo Award for outstanding contributions to the professional literature of public administration over an extended career in 1992 and its Gloria Hobson Nordin Award for lifetime achievement and effort in the cause of social equity in 2015. ASPA's annual award for the best PA TIMES article, first awarded in 2007, is named in his honor. He also received honors from APSA and NASPAA, and was elected a fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration.
Frederickson was an amazing scholar and extraordinarily deep thinker. He had a common touch that made him approachable and reachable, and made his superlative intellect available to all who didn't have his remarkable gifts. He had an excellent sense of humor, knew how to not take himself too seriously and always made time to mentor young scholars.
Frederickson's family looks forward to celebrating his life next spring at a memorial service open to all family, friends and colleagues. They suggest memorials in his name go to the H. George and Mary Frederickson Fellowship at the School of Public Affairs and Administration at the University of Kansas or to the Eastern Washington University Foundation. All memorials may be sent in care of Warren McElwain Mortuary, 120 W. 13th Street, Lawrence, Kansas, 66044.
In his honor, Public Administration Review has opened access on a catalog of articles he has published in the journal over the years. You may find those pieces online here.
Back to Top
ASPA's Digital Experience: Five Panels You May Have Missed
The #ASPA2020 Digital Experience has been live on our website for six weeks and has enjoyed robust participation. Thank you to all of those who have registered and/or sponsored this event!
If you have not registered yet, there is still plenty of time to purchase this package of peer-reviewed, expert panels: The Digital Experience will be online and available for purchase through the end of the year. If you need a good place to start to make the most of this collection, here are five panels you may not have known were part of this event:
Ready to get started? Register today for the Digital Experience, support your peers, learn more about some of the most important subjects in public administration and make the most of these e-learning options now! These webinars will be locked, available to participants only, for months—if not years—after we stop selling them, so purchase them now!
- Emerging Best Practices in Performance Management: Lessons from Leaders
This panel presents best practices from winners of ASPA's Center for Accountability and Performance (CAP) Emerging Leaders Award. This award is presented to performance management practitioners from state and local jurisdictions who are innovating and achieving significant performance results. The panel includes speakers from New York City, City of Rochester and Louisville/Jefferson County, who will speak about their experiences developing and implementing new performance management practices, describing their key program accomplishments and highlight new and innovative practices.
Michael Jacobson, Moderator, Deputy Director, King County Office of Performance, Strategy and Budget
John Kamensky, Discussant, Senior Fellow, The IBM Center for The Business of Government
Kate May, Chief Performance Officer, City of Rochester
Carmen Moreno-Rivera, Chief of Performance Improvement, Louisville Metro Government
Adrienne Schomeker, Director, Civic Engagement and Strategy, Mayor's Office of Data Analytics, New York City
- Government, Gamification and Higher Education: Innovation Shaping the Future of Public Administration
Sponsored by Park University
Since the Baby Boomers came of age, each generation has been raised playing video games. From Atari and Super Mario Brothers to Minecraft and Fortnite, video games have become common place, first as entertainment, then as a teaching method in K-12 classrooms and now as a citizen and community engagement tool for local government. These technologically savvy generations are growing up with computers and smart phones. Gamification surrounds these citizens everywhere except the city hall, the college classroom and the workplace. Meeting young citizens "where they are" through gamification gets them excited and engaged in community building. Technology and video games are creating a new artifact: virtual citizen engagement in virtual worlds. Gamers are building cities and governing them without realizing it. Despite these innovations, we are all behind the times! This panel represents ways to build technology bridges to citizen engagement.
Michael Call, Adjunct Professor, Park University
Brian Cowley, Professor, Park University
Laurie DiPadova-Stocks, Professor, Park University—Gilbert, Arizona Campus
Pamela Galera, Parks Manager, City of Anaheim
Zac Jarrard, MS Graduate Student and Project Manager, Park University
Susan Keim, Assistant Professor, Park University
James Vanderleeuw, Chair and MPA Director, Park University
- Performance Measurement Innovation and Endurance
Public administration has numerous examples demonstrating the positive results and impact performance measurement systems afford to government and residents. There are also negative examples, where performance measurement initiatives were unsuccessful. This panel will focus on innovative practices and ideas utilized within government. Panelists also will discuss successful performance measurement initiatives and specifically what has helped them endure over time.
Jason Bossie, Director, Office of Program Performance, Analysis, and Evaluation, U.S. Small Business Administration
Marc Fudge, Moderator, Associate Professor, California State University San Bernardino
Thomas McWeeney, Associate Director and Full Time Lecturer, California State University San Bernardino
- The Oregon Atlas of Collaboration: Cataloguing State-Connected Collaboratives and Collaborative Platforms
This session focuses on the Oregon Atlas of Collaboration, a joint effort of The National Policy Consensus Center (Portland State University) and the Program for the Advancement of Research on Conflict and Collaboration (Syracuse University) to build the world's first large-n database on collaborative governance. The Atlas catalogues Oregon's 236 state-connected collaboratives, which operate in 13 collaborative platforms across five policy areas (health, natural resources, education, public safety, economic development). After introducing the project, panelists will present four initial research studies that examine: the structural and operational characteristics of collaboratives in Oregon; the network structure among collaboratives across the state; the drivers of efficiency in collaborative watershed efforts; and the strengths and weakness of collaboratives and collaborative platforms and the potential for statewide collaborative policy. The session will conclude with a brief discussion about the implications and the future of the Oregon Atlas effort.
Catherine Annis, Doctoral Student, Syracuse University
Bryce Barthuly, Doctoral Student, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY
Katie Fields, Graduate Student, National Policy Consensus Institute, Portland State University
Rebecca McLain, Moderator, Director of Research, National Policy Consensus Center, Portland State University
Qasim Mehdi, Doctoral Student, Syracuse University
Tina Nabatchi, Moderator, Joseph A. Strasser Endowed Professor in Public Administration, Syracuse University
- The Role of Strategic Procurement in Improving Agency Effectiveness
Public organizations spend billions of dollars on goods and services each year. This spending power can translate into outcomes that go beyond basic purchases. Furthermore, the procurement function can serve as a tool for agencies to improve their effectiveness and become more efficient with how they provide public services. The papers in this panel address different topics within procurement and demonstrate the varying roles of procurement for improving efficiency and effectiveness of organizations. The first paper discusses the role of inter-agency collaboration when implementing smart technologies. Participating in CPP of smart technologies is an institutional collective action that is stimulated by the intention of reducing transaction costs. The second paper examines the role for social capital in sustainable procurement, the process of strategically utilizing government funds to efficiently and effectively achieve policy outcomes while also promoting the wellbeing of the environment, economy and society. The third paper focuses on effective contracting of human services by comprehensively examining the contracting process.
Mohamad Alkadry, Moderator, Professor, University of Connecticut
Ana-Maria Dimand, Doctorate, Florida International University
Robert Shick, Adjunct Assistant Professor, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Jie Tao, PhD Candidate, University of North Texas
Back to Top
E-Learning at Your Fingertips
While social distancing continues, ASPA staff are working to keep your skills up to date and the information flowing. Visit our website to see more details about upcoming KeepingCurrent, BookTalk and Students and New Professionals series programming.
BookTalk: The Divided States of America
September 1 | 1 p.m. EDT
Don Kettl, Professor, University of Texas at Austin, LBJ School
Bill Shields, Jr., Executive Director, ASPA
An innovative system of power sharing that balanced national and state interests, federalism—James Madison's great invention—was the pragmatic compromise that brought the colonies together to form the United States. Yet, even beyond the question of slavery, inequality was built into the system because federalism, by its very nature, meant that many aspects of an American’s life depended on where they lived. Over time, these inequalities have created vast divisions between the states and made federalism fundamentally unstable. In The Divided States of America, Don Kettl chronicles the history of a political system that once united the nation—and now threatens to break it apart. Join us for this important discussion as Don Kettl and Bill Shields discuss this new release.
The publisher is offering a discount on this resource. Visit our website for details!
KeepingCurrent: Park University Hauptmann Lecture: The Importance of Diverse Workforces in Promoting Democratic Values
September 10 | 1 p.m. EDT
Erik Bergrud, Moderator, Associate Vice President for University Engagement, Park University
Norma Riccucci, Lecturer, Board of Governors Distinguished Professor, Rutgers University—Newark
Kendra Stewart, ASPA President and Professor and Director, Riley Center for Livable Communities, College of Charleston
An annual lecture hosted by Park University, the Hauptmann Lecture has a long and storied history. ASPA is proud to produce this year's lecture online and make it available to all ASPA members to attend.
This year's lecture will focus on the importance of diversity in the workplace for the promotion of democratic ideals and values. In the tradition set forth by Dr. Jerzy Hauptmann, Norma Riccucci will examine how diversity in government workplaces produces social and economic equity, which are key democratic values for all segments of society. Strategies that governments rely on to promote diversity will be addressed. The session is relevant for academics and, in particular, practitioners, who are fundamental actors in extending democracy and promoting equity.
From the Archives
From 2019, and based on a PAR article, this webinar, "Complex Contracts: Management Challenges and Solutions," looked at the critical issue of complex contracts. Governments at all levels buy mission‐critical goods and services whose attributes and performance requirements are hard to define and produce. Many governments—and the public managers who lead them—lack experience and knowledge about how to contract for complex products. Authors Trevor Brown (John Glenn College of Public Affairs, The Ohio State University), Matthew Potoski (Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California, Santa Barbara) and David Van Slyke (Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University) discussed their research on the subject.
Back to Top
Focus on Membership: The More the Merrier!
With the fall semester upon us and new budget years underway within state governments, your university, agency or organization may be looking for an economical way to encourage your employees, students, faculty and others to join ASPA (and maybe explore some branding options alongside membership). ASPA's group or institutional memberships are just what you need to stay connected with ASPA for the next 12 months!
If 10 or more individuals sign up or renew as a group, each will receive a $10 discount, per person, off the annual membership fee, as long as that group is part of the same organization/university. It is that simple. This option makes ASPA membership an even more economical investment and ensures your classmates, colleagues, fellow academicians and others will be members with you so you can accompany each other on your ASPA journey.
For those agencies, universities or nonprofit organizations interested in gaining additional benefits while also providing ASPA membership to your students or colleagues (think: advertising, research promotion, ASPA discounts and more), consider an institutional membership! These packages are developed to enable your organization to gain branding opportunities—putting your brand alongside some of the powerhouses of public administration—while also connecting your students and colleagues with everything ASPA membership has to offer.
Now is the time to put an agreement together and make the most of it through the 2020-2021 academic and fiscal year. If either of these options are of interest, contact us for more details and we’ll get you started as we all partner to advance excellence in public service.
Back to Top
Center for Accountability and Performance Holds Virtual Awards Ceremony
ASPA President Kendra Stewart, President-Elect Allan Rosenbaum and staff were pleased to participate in the Center for Accountability and Performance's (CAP) virtual awards ceremony last month, honoring its 2020 award recipients for their achievements.
The following individuals were honored for their achievements:
North Carolina's Office of State Budget and Management issued a press release in honor of Charlie Perusse and Asheville, North Carolina issued its own statement summarizing its achievements.
- Harry Hatry Distinguished Performance Measurement and Practice Award: Charlie Perusse (State of North Carolina)
- Organizational Leadership Award: City of Asheville, North Carolina
- Joseph Wholey Distinguished Scholarship Award: David Ammons (University of North Carolina—Chapel Hill)
ASPA and CAP honor and celebrate these awardees, as well as those who were awarded CAP's Emerging Leaders awards earlier this spring.
Back to Top
PAR 80:4 Is Online
The most recent edition of Public Administration Review was released last month (copies are in the mail to those who receive print editions). Check out the Table of Contents and make the most of this research!
Crisis of the Union: Public Management and Leadership in an Era of Discontent
Jeremy L. Hall and R. Paul Battaglio
How Do Citizens Assess Street‐Level Bureaucrats’ Warmth and Competence? A Typology and Test
Noortje de Boer
Can Public Leadership Increase Public Service Motivation and Job Performance?
Gary Schwarz, Nathan Eva and Alexander Newman
Follow the Leader? Leader Succession and Staff Attitudes in Public Sector Organizations
Benny Geys, Sara Connolly, Hussein Kassim and Zuzana Murdoch
Designing to Debias: Measuring and Reducing Public Managers’ Anchoring Bias
Rosanna Nagtegaal, Lars Tummers, Mirko Noordegraaf and Victor Bekkers
Cyber Security Responsibilization: An Evaluation of the Intervention Approaches Adopted by the Five Eyes Countries and China
Karen Renaud, Craig Orgeron, Merrill Warkentin and P. Edward French
COVID‐19 Viewpoint Symposium
Global Reflection, Conceptual Exploration and Evidentiary Assimilation: COVID‐19 (An Introduction)
Jeremy L. Hall, Staci M. Zavattaro, R. Paul Battaglio and Michael W. Hail
States Divided: The Implications of American Federalism for COVID‐19
Donald F. Kettl
The Third and Fatal Shock: How Pandemic Killed the Millennial Paradigm
Staging Science: Authoritativeness and Fragility of Models and Measurement in the COVID‐19 Crisis
Wouter Van Dooren and Mirko Noordegraaf
Crisis Decision‐Making on a Global Scale: Transition from Cognition to Collective Action under Threat of COVID‐19
Louise K. Comfort, Naim Kapucu, Kilkon Ko, Scira Menoni and Michael Siciliano
State Executive Orders: Nuance in Restrictions, Revealing Suspensions and Decisions to Enforce
Cali Curley and Peter Stanley Federman
Connecting with New Partners in COVID‐19 Response
David Grizzle, Amy Goodin and Scott E. Robinson
Disaster Resiliency of U.S. Local Governments: Insights to Strengthen Local Response and Recovery from the COVID‐19 Pandemic
Komla D. Dzigbede, Sarah Beth Gehl and Katherine Willoughby
Fiscal Responses to COVID‐19: Evidence from Local Governments and Nonprofits
Craig S. Maher, Trang Hoang and Anne Hindery
Fighting COVID‐19 with Agility, Transparency and Participation: Wicked Policy Problems and New Governance Challenges
M. Jae Moon
Unprecedented Challenges, Familiar Paradoxes: COVID‐19 and Governance in a New Normal State of Risks
Fighting COVID‐19 through Government Initiatives and Collaborative Governance: The Taiwan Experience
Irving Yi‐Feng Huang
Australian Quarantine Policy: From Centralization to Coordination with Mid‐Pandemic COVID‐19 Shifts
Kim Moloney and Susan Moloney
The Transaction Costs of Government Responses to the COVID‐19 Emergency in Latin America
Edgar E. Ramírez de la Cruz, Eduardo José Grin, Pablo Sanabria‐Pulido, Daniel Cravacuore and Arturo Orellana
A Guide to Benchmarking COVID‐19 Performance Data
Bert George, Bram Verschuere, Ellen Wayenberg and Bishoy Louis Zaki
"We've Cared for the Dead Since We Started Caring": COVID‐19 and Our Relationship to Public and Private Deathcare
Staci M. Zavattaro
Back to Top
Help Complete ASPA's PAR Library
Are you a long-time ASPA member with a collection of early volumes of Public Administration Review (PAR)? Do you know colleagues or peers who have some of its first issues in their possession? If so, let us know!
We are six issues away from having a second complete set of the journal and would love to fill it in. If you have, or can find, any of the six issues listed below, we will be happy to reimburse the costs associated with packing supplies and shipping to send them to our National Office—including providing a receipt for you to claim it as a tax-deductible donation. The missing issues are:
We also are looking for copies of "Index of PAR, Volume I-XII" and "Index of PAR, Volume XXVII."
- Volume 6, Issue 2 (1946)
- Volume 6, Issue 4 (1946)
- Volume 38, Issue 4 (1978)
- Volume 53, Issue 2 (1993)
- Volume 67, Issue 1 (2007)
- Volume 70, Issue 6 (2010)
If you have any of these issues, or know where we could find them, contact Phillip Carlisle to help arrange for shipment. Support ASPA today and ensure your contribution of PAR goes on to help support public servants for many more years to come.
Back to Top
In the Words of John Lewis...
For those who missed it, Congressman John Lewis, who passed away on July 17 and whose memorial took place July 30, requested an op-ed be published in the New York Times on the day of his memorial service: "Together, You Can Redeem the Soul of Our Nation." A pillar of social justice who fought for equity and human rights throughout his public service, Lewis's words are important for our profession and, as ASPA President Kendra Stewart stated, provide crucial guidance to carry his legacy forward.
"Democracy is not a state. It is an act, and each generation must do its part to help build what we called the Beloved Community, a nation and world society at peace with itself."
- Congressman John Lewis
The Fall issue of PA TIMES will pay tribute to Congressman Lewis, including his participation in the 2014 Conference of Minority Public Administrators conference and ASPA Annual Conference.
Back to Top
Gauging the Effectiveness of PPPs
According to recent analysis conducted by the Peterson Foundation, the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) has disbursed more than $500 billion in loans to 5 million businesses, making it the largest component of the legislative response to the coronavirus pandemic.
Per their commentary, "With the pandemic still in full swing—and legislators considering extending PPP past its current expiration date of August 8—it is too early to conclusively determine the full effectiveness of the program. However, by looking at data from the Small Business Administration (SBA) as well as recent studies, we can glean important insights about the PPP's implementation and initial results in helping to protect jobs and keep small businesses afloat."
Back to Top
Tips and Resources
Here are a range of resources—from lighthearted to immensely useful—posted online recently that you should check out!
Annual Leave Carryover, New Anti-Discrimination Safeguards for Feds in House NDAA
No surprise, the annual defense authorization bill includes a smattering of provisions and tidbits that may, if passed into law, impact civilian federal employees next year. As usual, the annual defense authorization bill contains a few nuggets for civilian federal employees. Here are a few to watch.
Space Math at NASA
For those with children, NASA has posted some math problems related to black holes to keep young brains working.
How to Protect Remote Workers' Productivity and Performance
Even as restrictions ease, working from home will continue for many. Experts offer tips for bridging the distance.
Five Not-So-Fun Facts About Federal Retirement
A word to the wise about survivor benefits, taxes, insurance and more.
Moms, Not Dads, Lose Time to Work During Pandemic
The pandemic has worsened the gender gap among dual-earner parents. Moms have less time to work, but dads tend to clock a full 40-hour week.
'Pandemic Fatigue' Marks a Mental Health Crisis
The coronavirus has brought with it a number of stressors that tax the mental health of millions of people worldwide.
Tips for the Two Kinds of People Who Work from Home
There are two kinds of work-from-home employee, research suggests. Are you a segmenter or an integrator? Here are tips for both.
The New Rules of COVID-Etiquette: Be Awkward, Not Rude
We’re going to be in this for the long haul. Here are some tips on how to get along.
We released other lists of resources in previous editions of Bridge, dating back to April. Check out our archives and look for the "Tips and Resources" articles to find them!
Back to Top
Coronavirus in the News
Back to Top
While you can find our usual assortment of news headlines from the past several weeks below, here are stories specific to the coronavirus that are noteworthy.
(Otherwise) in the News
Today's headlines contain plenty of news coverage of some of our nation's most pressing public administration challenges. ASPA has curated some of the most important stories from recent weeks. If you have not seen these yet, make sure you read them now!
Back to Top
Members in the News
ASPA members have made news in a variety of ways recently. Below are the headlines we've found; if you have been featured, please send a link to the article to us and we will be happy to include it in a future newsletter.
Cooperative Agreements Bring Benefits and Risks for Local Governments
By Jerry Zhao
National Council District IV Representative Jerry Zhao (University of Minnesota's Institute for Urban and Regional Infrastructure Finance, Humphrey School of Public Affairs), recently completed a study looking at cooperative agreements between state and local governments for funding transportation infrastructure projects.
Mississippi CIO Craig Orgeron Announces Retirement
Mississippi Chief Information Officer Craig Orgeron, a long-time ASPA member, announced on July 22 that he plans to retire from public service next month, after 23 years with the state government.
GAO's High Risk List Receives More Recognition
Long-time ASPA member Chris Mihm was interviewed by Tom Temin as part of Federal News Network's Federal Drive to discuss the GAO high risk list.
Back to Top